So, is it a boy or a girl? If you have not yet established the gender of the baby, the reproductive organs are now developed. If it is a girl, the ovaries are already developed and got more than six million egg cells. This will drop to about one million by the 40th week. Here is everything you need to know about pregnancy at 19 weeks.
Your Baby at 19 Weeks Pregnant
Since the beginning of the second trimester, the baby has been developing rather fast. By the close of the 19th week, the baby will have grown to approximately 6.0 inches. This is the size of a banana. The baby’s weight will also have increased to about 8.5 ounces. This is a huge leap from the 7.0 ounces recorded in the 18th week. Here are the developments to expect on the baby:
Vernix caseosa builds up on the skin
The baby has developed a cheesy varnish on the skin. That is right! It is a protective substance referred to as vernix caseosa (call it vernix) that covers the skin for additional protection from the amniotic fluid. It allows the skin and its features such as pores to develop appropriately. The vernix will be shed off weeks before birth. However, it will still be there if the baby is born before term.
The brain starts forming specialized areas
At 19 weeks, the baby’s brain continues developing by forming separate specialized areas. Note that the development of the specialized areas is very important because they guide the development of sensory capabilities such as taste, feeling, and hearing. The brain development runs concurrently with the growing nervous and circulatory system.
The reproductive system continues to develop
The baby’s reproductive system development has now advanced so much that the external organs are now visible. For boys, the testicles started releasing testosterone starting from week 10. Indeed, testosterone has been crucial in the development of most masculine parts. The external genitalia, a penis and testicles, are also growing and can easily be seen.
If you are pregnant with a girl, the reproductive system is also well developed. The fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina are already formed and can be seen during the ultrasound scan that is done on the 20th week (mid-pregnancy). The ovaries have already produced about six million eggs by now. However, they will keep dropping until they reach about one million at birth.
Baby sleep cycles
At 19 weeks pregnant, the baby’s sleep and wake sessions start following a regular pattern. During the wake session, you will feel most of the movements especially kicks and stretches. However, other moments such as yawning can be noted even when the baby is awake because they are controlled by reflex.
Your Body at 19 Weeks Pregnant
If you had not started feeling the baby movements and kicks, there is a high chance that you will, beginning this week. At first, it will feel like little flutters as the baby wriggles inside the womb. Those who have been pregnant before are likely to easily note the movements.
At week 19, your body is also gaining weight fast. This could become a major concern to some ladies. Since you fell pregnant, you are likely to have put on between 8 and 14 pounds. Well, it is not time to think of cutting weight because you need more calories. However, you should be on the lookout for sudden weight gain as that can be a sign of preeclampsia.
19 Weeks Pregnant is How Many Months?
At the 19th week of pregnancy, you are into the fifth month. Well, months have run so fast and the pregnancy will be midway by next week. You have conquered half of the journey; get ready for the remaining half!
19 Weeks Pregnant Ultrasound
If everything is alright, you should be gearing for an ultrasound in the coming week. However, if you happen to get one in the 19th week, it will show most of the external developments of the baby. If you had not managed to find out the gender of your baby, this is the time. Ultrasound will be able to capture the baby’s genitalia to know if you are pregnant with a boy or a girl.
The ultrasound will be able to show the already developed arms, legs, facial features, and hair growing on the head. Check closely and you will be able to also see the developing fingernails. Note that the thick cover on the baby’s skin is vernix as opposed to its skin.
19 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms
At week 19, the uterus is growing rapidly to create space for the baby. This is why you will realize that the baby bump is growing at an accelerated pace compared to previous weeks. Here are other symptoms to anticipate:
As the baby and your body’s growth intensify, the uptake of calories will also increase. This will result to an increase in your appetite. Pregnancy hormones will also be pushing you to take more food to prepare the body for breastfeeding after delivery. Instead of taking more food during mealtimes, consider eating small but regular meals.
Development of Stretch marks
Virtually all pregnant women develop stretch marks. Though the development of stretch marks is likely to have started earlier on, the problem will intensify from week 19 as the baby bump develops rapidly. Though there is no cure for the problem, you can ease the itching using moisturizers like cocoa butter.
Mask of Pregnancy
In the 19th week, the buildup of pregnancy hormones can cause a problem referred to as the mask of pregnancy. This is the development of dark patches on the cheeks, forehead, and nose. The hormones are also responsible for the development of linear nigra, a dark line that will form running from the belly to the pubic bone in the third trimester.
Round Ligament Pain
As the uterus grows, the supporting ligaments stretch to accommodate it. Occasionally, the stretching ligaments cause a sharp pain on the lower abdomen. You will note this sharp pain, especially when changing positions. To address the problem, you should ensure to have ample rest.
NOTE: If the round ligament pain is severe, comes with fever or painful urination, you have to get the attention of the doctor immediately.
Things to Do at 19 Weeks Pregnant
At week 19, you are only a couple of days away to mid-pregnancy. As the baby bump grows in the coming weeks, movement is likely to become a challenge. Therefore, you need to take this time to do most of the heavy tasks. Here are some of the things to do in week 19.
- Identify a good maternity and delivery medical facility. Consider visiting the facility to find out more about the services being offered.
- If you would like to be attended to by a specific doctor during delivery, you need to get one by now. If you had already identified the doctor, book appointment.
- At work, relegate more duties to your juniors because you are likely to need more time relaxing and prenatal checkups.
- Talk to your nutritionist or your healthcare provider about the right diet. Here, the goal is identifying the meals that provide enough calories and correct nutrients for the developing baby.
- Consider taking a holiday with your partner. Well, you are still in the blissful period of your pregnancy and you should use it to bond with your partner. Enjoy!
- Have sex with your partner. Sexual intercourse is one of the important bonding activities that you should do this week. However, you might need to change the sex positions to ones that are more comfortable.
19 Weeks Pregnant Checklist
- Research on cord blood banking.
- Attend your childbirth classes.
- Get enough rest every day.
- Sing and talk to the baby every day.
- Update your pregnancy diary with details such as the number of fetal movements.
Questions to Ask Your Doctor at 19 Weeks Pregnant
- What is yeast infection? How can you avoid it?
- What is the difference between 3D and 4D sonograms? Which one should you have?
- What is preeclampsia, symptoms and how can you avoid it?
- What are the common complications during delivery?
At 19 weeks pregnant, you are about halfway in your pregnancy journey. Here, it is prudent to continue preparing for delivery and post-delivery period. Because the baby is formed and most organs in place, week 19 will mark a point of accelerated growth.
Well, enjoy your pregnancy and make sure to stay safe!
Go forward to week 20.